Phenobarbital is a barbiturate, nonselective central nervous system depressant which is primarily used as a sedative hypnotic and also as an anticonvulsant in subhypnotic doses. Phenobarbital Tablets and Elixir are administered orally and are contained in DEA Schedule IV.
If emesis is contraindicated, gastric lavage may be performed with a cuffed endotracheal tube in place with the patient in the face down position. 4. Activated charcoal may be left in the emptied stomach and a saline cathartic administered.
Phenobarbital Tablets and Elixir.
3. Care should be taken to prevent pulmonary aspiration of vomitus. If the patient is conscious and has not lost the gag reflex, emesis may be induced with ipecac. After completion of vomiting, 30 grams activated charcoal in a glass of water may be administered.
In children and infants, phenobarbital at loading dose of 15 to 20 mg/kg produces blood levels of about 20 µg/mL shortly after administration.
Phenobarbital (fee-no-BAR-bih-tal) is a seizure medicine manufactured by several companies. It is the oldest epilepsy medicine still in use. In 1912, two independent teams of chemists created it under the name of Luminal. The advantages of phenobarbital are its long history of use, low cost, and effectiveness. It stays in the.
It is especially important to check with your doctor before taking any of these:. Medicines often used for other disorders are also affected.
Long-term effects Long-term use of phenobarbital can lead to changes in the soft tissues of the body. If you notice any changes of this kind, l the doctor. Symptoms include pains in the joints or thickening in areas such as the palm or the bottom of the foot.
The problems are probably not as serious for most children as many doctors think they are, but other seizure medicines may be preferred as a first choice for long-term use in children.
Phenobarbital, also known as phenobarbitone or phenobarb, is a medication recommended by the World Health Organization for the treatment of certain types of epilepsy in developing countries.
Failing that, the only treatment is anaesthesia in intensive care. If these fail, then phenytoin may be used, with phenobarbital being an alternative in the US, but used only third-line in the UK. The first-line drugs for treatment of status epilepticus are benzodiazepines, such as lorazepam or diazepam.
Find patient medical information for Phenobarbital Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings.
Examples include St. Other medications can affect the removal of phenobarbital from your body, which may affect how phenobarbital works. John's wort, among others.
How to make sense of them.
l the doctor right away if you notice any of these symptoms in your newborn. Infants born to mothers who have been using this medication during pregnancy may also have symptoms such as fussiness, shaking, or bleeding. This medication may lower your folic acid and vitamin K levels, increasing the risk of spinal cord defects.
Physician reviewed phenobarbital patient information - includes phenobarbital description, dosage and directions.
Usual Pediatric Dose for Seizures:
Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow all directions on your prescription label.
You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
CSA Schedule Some potential for abuse.
Phenobarbital may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.
Usual Adult Dose for Insomnia:
Side Effects (complete list).
temporary or chronic pain;
Phenobarbital may be habit-forming.